What is Periodontal Disease?

Gum disease is one of the most common dental conditions worldwide. It affects nearly half of all adults over the age of 30. Despite it being common, it should not be taken lightly and treatment should be sought out as soon as you receive the diagnosis. If left untreated, gum disease can cause tooth and bone loss around the jaw. The disease is defined as a bacterial infection that erodes the soft tissues supporting the teeth, causing pocketing to form between the teeth and gums.

What are the different Types of Periodontal Disease?

There are several different types of periodontal disease. Each is treated differently, but it is important that you receive treatment in order to prevent progression of the disease. The different types of gum disease include:


This is the first and most mild stage of gum disease. It is often defined as inflamed, red gums but with mild to no pocketing around the teeth. Gingivitis can be reversed with proper home hygiene and regular dental cleanings.

Chronic Periodontal Disease

This is the most common form of gum disease and is completely treatable with deeper cleanings and other periodontal treatments. With chronic periodontal disease, pocketing has begun to form around the teeth, causing a crevice for bacteria to thrive and further infect the gums.

Aggressive Periodontal Disease

Aggressive periodontal disease is exactly as it sounds: a more aggressive and quick-developing form of the disease. Smokers and those with a genetic predisposition for the condition are most at risk for aggressive gum disease. Regular periodontal treatments are helpful, but surgery is often required to reduce the size and depth of the gingival pockets.

How can you tell if you have Gum Disease?

The best way to tell if you have gum disease is with a professional diagnosis. The diagnosis involves probing the gums and checking for pocketing around each tooth. Generally speaking, if pockets are deeper than about 3mm, we may suggest periodontal treatment to stop the spread of the disease. With early detection, treatment is easier and more effective. We offer many treatment options for all types of gum disease and can work with you to ensure that the treatment fits your needs and budget.

If you suspect that you have gum disease, contact our office and we will be happy to get you in for a convenient appointment.

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